The Bauhaus design movement was a revolutionary force in the world of art and design, and its impact can still be felt today. One of the most iconic and enduring aspects of Bauhaus design is its logo, which perfectly embodies the movement’s ethos of innovation, minimalism, and geometry.
The Bauhaus logo was created in 1922 by German artist Oskar Schlemmer, and it quickly became a symbol of the movement’s commitment to merging art and industry. The logo features the word “Bauhaus” in a bold, sans-serif typeface that is both modernist and timeless. The use of simple geometric shapes and clean lines reflects the Bauhaus philosophy of form following function.
Typography played a crucial role in Bauhaus design, and the logo showcases the movement’s fascination with the power of type. The sleek, geometric letterforms of the Bauhaus logo were a stark departure from the ornate, decorative styles of the past. This emphasis on simplicity and legibility was a hallmark of the Bauhaus approach, and it set the stage for the modernist typography that would dominate the design world in the decades to come.
The Bauhaus logo is not just a visual representation of a design movement; it is also a reflection of German culture and history. Germany has a long tradition of craftsmanship and precision, and these values are evident in the clean lines and meticulous attention to detail of the Bauhaus logo. The logo became a symbol of German design excellence, and it continues to inspire designers around the world.
The Origin of the Bauhaus Logo
The Bauhaus logo is a prime example of innovation in typography and design. The German art school, Bauhaus, which operated from 1919 to 1933, is known for its minimal and geometric approach to design. The Bauhaus logo, created by faculty member Oskar Schlemmer, perfectly embodies these principles.
The Bauhaus logo features a simple and clean design with the school’s name spelled out using lowercase letters in a sans-serif typeface. The typography used in the logo reflects the Bauhaus philosophy of functionality and simplicity. The logo’s minimalistic approach was a departure from the ornate and decorative styles popular at the time.
The logo’s use of geometry is another important aspect of its design. The letters in the logo are carefully constructed using straight lines and geometric shapes, such as triangles and rectangles. This creates a sense of balance and harmony in the overall design, while also emphasizing the school’s focus on the relationship between form and function.
The Bauhaus logo has become an iconic symbol of the school and its influence on modern design. It continues to be admired for its timeless and elegant design, even decades after the closure of the Bauhaus. Its innovative use of typography, minimalism, and geometry make it a classic example of German design and a testament to the enduring legacy of the Bauhaus movement.
The Design Principles Behind the Bauhaus Logo
The Bauhaus logo is a perfect representation of the design principles of the Bauhaus movement. Bauhaus, a modernist art school founded in Germany in 1919, emphasized innovation and the integration of technology and craftsmanship. The logo, with its minimal and geometric design, embodies these principles and continues to inspire designers today.
Typography played a significant role in the Bauhaus movement, and this is reflected in the Bauhaus logo. The logo features a bold, sans-serif typeface that exudes a sense of modernity. The clean lines and simplicity of the typography convey the emphasis on functionality and clarity that Bauhaus designers championed.
Geometry is another essential element in the Bauhaus logo. The logo’s design is based on geometric shapes, including squares, circles, and lines, which are arranged deliberately and harmoniously. This use of geometry creates a sense of balance and order, reinforcing the Bauhaus principle of simplicity and rationality in design.
The logo’s geometric design also translates well across different applications and sizes, making it versatile and easily recognizable. Whether it’s displayed on a small business card or a large billboard, the Bauhaus logo maintains its impact and legibility.
The minimal, yet powerful design of the Bauhaus logo has made it a timeless icon in the world of graphic design. Its influence can be seen in countless logos created since its creation almost a century ago. By embracing modernism, typography, innovation, geometry, and minimalism, the Bauhaus logo encapsulates the essence of the German Bauhaus movement and showcases the enduring power of thoughtful and intentional design.
Evolution of the Bauhaus Logo
The Bauhaus logo has seen several iterations throughout its history, reflecting the minimal and innovative design principles of the German art school. From its inception in 1919 to the present day, the evolution of the Bauhaus logo showcases the timeless appeal of its geometric and modernist approach.
The first Bauhaus logo, designed by Oskar Schlemmer in 1919, was a simple typography-based design. The word “Bauhaus” was written in lowercase letters, with the “a” and “u” merged together to form a unique ligature. This minimalistic approach became a hallmark of Bauhaus design, emphasizing simplicity and clarity.
As the school progressed, so did its logo. In 1922, László Moholy-Nagy redesigned the logo, incorporating a circle within the typography. This circular element added a sense of balance and harmony to the design, while still maintaining the minimalist aesthetic. The circle also symbolized the unity and interconnectedness of the various disciplines taught at the Bauhaus.
In 1923, Moholy-Nagy made further refinements to the logo, introducing a triangle element. This triangle, positioned above the “Bauhaus” typography, represented the three main elements of artistic creation: form, color, and material. This addition brought a touch of dynamism to the logo and further emphasized the Bauhaus commitment to modernism.
Over the years, the Bauhaus logo has continued to evolve while staying true to its core principles. Today, it remains instantly recognizable as a symbol of the German art school and its revolutionary approach to design. The Bauhaus logo serves as a reminder of the innovation and enduring influence of this important movement in modern design history.
Influences on the Bauhaus Logo
The design of the Bauhaus logo was heavily influenced by several key factors, including typography, innovation, and the German modernism movement of the early 20th century. The Bauhaus school, founded in Germany in 1919, was at the forefront of a new approach to design and artistic expression, emphasizing simplicity, functionality, and minimalism.
Typography played a significant role in shaping the Bauhaus logo. The school’s emphasis on clarity and legibility in communication led to the development of new typefaces and letterforms. These innovative typographic designs were incorporated into the Bauhaus logo, creating a unique and distinctive visual identity for the school.
German modernism, with its focus on avant-garde concepts and experimentation, also had a profound influence on the design of the Bauhaus logo. The logo reflects the movement’s rejection of traditional artistic styles and its embrace of new technologies and materials. The Bauhaus logo embodies the spirit of innovation and forward-thinking that characterized the modernist movement.
Finally, the concept of minimalism played a crucial role in the design of the Bauhaus logo. The logo’s clean lines, geometric shapes, and restrained use of color are all representative of the minimalist aesthetic that the school championed. This simplicity not only ensured that the logo was easily recognizable and memorable but also aligned with the Bauhaus philosophy of eliminating unnecessary ornamentation.
Overall, the Bauhaus logo is a prime example of how design can be influenced by typography, innovation, German modernism, and the principles of minimalism. It remains an enduring symbol of the groundbreaking ideas and artistic vision of the Bauhaus school.
Symbolism in the Bauhaus Logo
The Bauhaus logo, created in Germany in the early 20th century, represents the principles and values of the Bauhaus movement. The logo embodies the intersection of German precision, geometric design, and modernist principles.
Geometry and Minimalism
The logo of the Bauhaus, with its simple geometric shapes, reflects the movement’s emphasis on minimalism. The use of basic geometric forms such as squares, circles, and triangles illustrates the principles of simplicity, functionality, and order that were core to the Bauhaus design philosophy.
Modernism and Typography
The Bauhaus logo showcases the movement’s pioneering approach to typography. The clean and legible typeface used in the logo reflects the Bauhaus’s commitment to clarity and functionality in design. The use of lowercase letters and sans-serif fonts was unconventional at the time, but it has since become a hallmark of modernist design.
The Bauhaus logo remains an iconic symbol of the movement’s innovative and influential approach to design. Its emphasis on clean lines, geometric forms, and functional typography continue to inspire designers and artists today.
Color Palette in the Bauhaus Logo
The design and innovation of the Bauhaus movement revolutionized the world of art, architecture, and design in the 20th century. With its focus on combining craftsmanship, functionality, and aesthetics, Bauhaus became a pioneering force in the development of modernism.
When it comes to the Bauhaus logo, its color palette plays an essential role in conveying the movement’s principles and aesthetics. The logo, like Bauhaus itself, embraces minimalism and simplicity.
The color palette used in the Bauhaus logo consists of primary and secondary colors, reflecting the movement’s emphasis on geometry and the exploration of color theory. The primary colors used are red, yellow, and blue, which are seen as the fundamental building blocks of all other colors. These primary colors symbolize the foundation of the Bauhaus philosophy and its commitment to experimentation.
In addition to the primary colors, the Bauhaus logo incorporates secondary colors such as orange, green, and purple. These colors are obtained by mixing the primary colors in various combinations, further embodying the movement’s exploration of color relationships and harmony.
The use of bold, vibrant colors in the Bauhaus logo reflects the movement’s desire to create visually striking and dynamic designs. The color palette adds depth and energy to the logo, making it visually appealing and memorable.
Furthermore, typography plays a significant role in the Bauhaus logo. The logo features a bold and geometric sans-serif font, which aligns with the movement’s principles of simplicity and functionality. The clean and precise typography enhances the overall design and complements the color palette, creating a cohesive and visually impactful logo.
Overall, the color palette in the Bauhaus logo exemplifies the German movement’s commitment to innovation, minimalism, and geometry. The vibrant primary and secondary colors, combined with the bold typography, contribute to the logo’s timeless appeal and reflect the influential legacy of Bauhaus in the world of art and design.
Typography in the Bauhaus Logo
The typography used in the Bauhaus logo reflects the minimal and innovative design principles of the German modernism movement. The Bauhaus school, founded in 1919 by architect Walter Gropius, emphasized the integration of art, craft, and technology, and this philosophy is evident in the typography chosen for their logo.
The Bauhaus logo features a clean and geometric design, which was a characteristic of the typography used in Bauhaus design. The typography is simple and bold, using straight lines and basic geometric shapes. This minimalist approach to typography was groundbreaking at the time and has since become iconic in the world of design.
The typography in the Bauhaus logo also represents the Bauhaus commitment to functional design. The letterforms are clear and legible, prioritizing readability over ornamental details. This focus on clarity and functionality was a departure from the decorative typography prevalent in the early 20th century and helped to define the Bauhaus style.
The Bauhaus logo demonstrates the school’s dedication to experimentation and pushing the boundaries of design. The logo’s typography showcases a combination of lowercase and uppercase letters, as well as unique letterforms and layouts. This experimentation with typography was an essential element of the Bauhaus approach to design, and it continues to inspire designers today.
In conclusion, the typography used in the Bauhaus logo exemplifies the influential design principles of the German modernism movement. Its minimal and innovative approach, combined with geometric and functional elements, has made it an iconic representation of the Bauhaus style. The typography in the Bauhaus logo continues to inspire and influence designers, serving as a testament to the lasting legacy of the Bauhaus school and its commitment to typography as a form of artistic expression.
Composition of the Bauhaus Logo
The Bauhaus logo is a prime example of the German design school’s commitment to geometry, minimalism, and innovation. The logo perfectly embodies the principles of Bauhaus, which aimed to unite art, craftsmanship, and technology to create functional and aesthetically pleasing designs.
The Bauhaus logo consists of simple geometric shapes arranged in a harmonious composition. The design features a square, a triangle, and a circle, which are all basic elements of geometry. Each shape represents a different aspect of the Bauhaus philosophy.
The square symbolizes stability and order, reflecting the Bauhaus’ emphasis on structure and organization. It represents the rational and logical approach to design that the school advocated.
The triangle represents dynamism and movement, highlighting the Bauhaus’ focus on experimentation and innovation. It symbolizes the constant search for new ideas and the exploration of unconventional design solutions.
The circle represents unity and wholeness, showcasing the Bauhaus’ belief in the integration of art, technology, and craftsmanship. It represents the interconnectedness of different disciplines and the holistic approach to design.
In addition to the geometric shapes, the Bauhaus logo incorporates typography, another essential element of design. The typography used in the logo is simple and modern, reflecting the Bauhaus’ commitment to functional and clear communication. The logo uses a sans-serif typeface, which was a groundbreaking choice at the time and is still widely used in modern design.
The composition of the Bauhaus logo is a testament to the school’s influential role in the development of modernism and its lasting impact on design. It continues to be recognized as a iconic and timeless logo, representing the innovative and forward-thinking spirit of the Bauhaus movement.
Functionality of the Bauhaus Logo
The Bauhaus logo, with its minimal and modern design, is an iconic symbol of innovation in German design. The logo represents the principles of the Bauhaus movement, which revolutionized the fields of art, design, and typography in the 20th century.
One of the key elements of the Bauhaus logo is its typography, which plays a crucial role in conveying the message of the design school. The typography used in the logo is clean, simple, and geometric, reflecting the modernist ideals of the Bauhaus movement. The use of sans-serif typefaces, such as Futura, emphasizes the functional and practical aspects of the design.
In addition to typography, the Bauhaus logo also incorporates other elements that enhance its functionality. The use of simple shapes and lines, such as squares and circles, creates a sense of balance and harmony in the design. These geometric forms represent the rational and logical approach to design that was characteristic of the Bauhaus movement.
The functionality of the Bauhaus logo extends beyond its visual appeal. The logo was designed to be versatile and adaptable, allowing it to be used in various applications and contexts. Whether it is displayed on a printed page, a signage, or a digital screen, the Bauhaus logo remains impactful and recognizable.
To illustrate the functionality of the Bauhaus logo, let’s examine its usage in different situations:
The Bauhaus logo is often featured prominently on printed materials, such as brochures, posters, and books. Its clean design and bold typography make it eye-catching and easily readable. The logo’s minimalism allows it to integrate seamlessly with other design elements, making it a versatile choice for various print layouts.
The Bauhaus logo’s simplicity and geometric shapes make it well-suited for environmental graphics, such as signage and wayfinding systems. Its clean lines and clear typography ensure legibility and visibility from a distance. The logo’s timeless design allows it to withstand the test of time, making it a practical choice for long-lasting applications.
In conclusion, the functionality of the Bauhaus logo lies in its ability to convey the innovative and modernist ideals of the Bauhaus movement. Through its minimal design, clean typography, and versatile usage, the Bauhaus logo remains a timeless symbol of German design.
Impact of the Bauhaus Logo
The German art and design school, Bauhaus, had a significant impact on the world of design and innovation. One of the key elements that contributed to its success and influence was its iconic logo.
The Bauhaus logo was a minimalistic representation of the school’s values and principles. Its typography and geometry reflected the modernist approach of the Bauhaus movement. The logo featured sans-serif typography, which was a departure from the ornate and decorative typefaces of the time, emphasizing simplicity and clarity.
The logo’s bold and clean lines symbolized the Bauhaus belief in functionality and efficiency. It embodied the school’s commitment to merging form and function, and its emphasis on practicality over unnecessary ornamentation. This minimalist approach to design was revolutionary at the time and helped pave the way for the modernist movement that followed.
Furthermore, the Bauhaus logo became synonymous with the school’s innovative and experimental spirit. It represented a break from traditional art and design conventions, embracing new materials, technologies, and techniques. The logo’s design reflected the Bauhaus’s commitment to pushing boundaries and challenging norms, making it a powerful symbol of the school’s avant-garde ethos.
Even today, the impact of the Bauhaus logo can be seen in contemporary design. Its influence can be seen in the prevalence of minimalist and geometric design trends, as well as the use of sans-serif typography in branding and advertising. The logo’s enduring legacy is a testament to the lasting impact of the Bauhaus movement and its commitment to revolutionizing design.
In conclusion, the Bauhaus logo had a profound impact on the world of design. Its minimalist typography and geometric design communicated the school’s modernist principles and innovative spirit. The logo continues to inspire and influence designers today, highlighting the enduring legacy of the Bauhaus movement.
Legacy of the Bauhaus Logo
The Bauhaus logo is a prime example of the innovation and modernism that the German art school embodied. It revolutionized typography and set new standards for logo design.
The simplicity and minimalism of the Bauhaus logo make it a timeless and iconic design. With its clean lines and geometric shapes, the logo reflects the principles of the Bauhaus movement, which sought to integrate art and functionality.
The Bauhaus logo’s use of primary colors and bold typography further exemplifies the school’s commitment to simplicity and clarity. The “Bauhaus” wordmark is rendered in a sans-serif font, which was a departure from the more ornate and decorative styles of the time.
Influencing Modern Design
The influence of the Bauhaus logo can be seen in many modern logos and design elements. Its emphasis on simplicity and readability has become a standard in logo design, with many companies opting for clean, minimalistic logos.
Bauhaus’s focus on functional design and the integration of art and technology also influenced the broader field of graphic design. Its legacy can be seen in the use of bold typography, simple geometric shapes, and the use of negative space in modern graphic design.
While the Bauhaus logo was created almost a century ago, its impact can still be felt today. Its timeless design principles continue to inspire designers and serve as a benchmark for good logo design.
By breaking away from traditional ornamentation and focusing on simplicity and functionality, the Bauhaus logo paved the way for a new era of graphic design. Its legacy is undeniable, and its influence can be seen in design disciplines ranging from architecture to product design, cementing its status as one of the most influential art movements of the 20th century.
Contemporary Uses of the Bauhaus Logo
The Bauhaus logo is considered a timeless piece of design that continues to inspire artists and designers decades after its creation. Its clean lines, geometric shapes, and minimalistic approach make it perfect for contemporary uses in various design fields.
The Bauhaus logo is often used in typography design to showcase the influence of the German art school’s innovative approach to typefaces. Designers may incorporate the logo into typographic compositions to create modern and visually striking designs.
The Bauhaus logo itself serves as a source of inspiration for logo designers who seek to create minimalistic and modern logos for companies and brands. Its simplicity and strong visual impact make it a perfect choice for businesses that want to convey a sense of innovation and modernism.
By incorporating the Bauhaus logo’s geometric shapes and clean lines into their designs, logo designers can create visually appealing and memorable logos that embody the spirit of the Bauhaus movement.
|The Bauhaus logo is often used in graphic design to create visually striking compositions. Designers may incorporate the logo as an element in posters, brochures, or digital media to add a sense of modernism and innovation to their designs.
|The clean lines and minimalistic approach of the Bauhaus logo make it a popular choice in the fashion industry. Fashion brands may use the logo in their branding, labels, or even as a pattern on garments to showcase their modern and innovative designs.
|The Bauhaus movement had a significant impact on the field of architecture, and the logo is often used in architectural designs to pay homage to this influence. Architects may incorporate the logo in their building designs or use it as a symbol of modernism and innovation in their branding.
Overall, the Bauhaus logo’s timeless design and strong visual impact make it a versatile element that can be used in various contemporary design fields, including typography, logo design, graphic design, fashion, and architecture. Its geometric shapes and minimalistic approach continue to inspire designers to this day, showcasing the ongoing influence of the Bauhaus movement.
Recognition of the Bauhaus Logo
The Bauhaus logo is an iconic symbol of innovation, typography, and design. It represents the core principles of the Bauhaus movement, which emerged in Germany during the early 20th century. The Bauhaus school was known for its emphasis on modernism, minimalism, and geometric forms, and these principles are reflected in the design of the logo.
The Bauhaus logo features a simple geometric shape, usually a square or a circle, with the word “Bauhaus” written in a clear and bold typeface. The typography is often sans-serif, which was considered modern and progressive at the time. The logo’s simplicity and minimalist design make it easy to recognize and remember.
The recognition of the Bauhaus logo has grown over the years as the influence of the Bauhaus movement on modern design has become more widely recognized. The logo has appeared on various products, publications, and exhibitions related to the Bauhaus school. It has become a symbol of German design and a representation of the Bauhaus philosophy of merging art, craft, and technology.
The use of geometry in the Bauhaus logo reflects the movement’s belief in the importance of mathematical principles and rationality in design. The logo’s clean lines and precise proportions convey a sense of order and simplicity, which are key elements of the Bauhaus style.
Overall, the recognition of the Bauhaus logo can be attributed to its timeless design, its association with the influential Bauhaus movement, and its representation of the innovative and progressive spirit of German design.
Influence on Modern Graphic Design
The Bauhaus logo continues to have a significant influence on modern graphic design. Its minimalistic and innovative design approach has greatly impacted the field, shaping the way designers think about visual communication.
Originating in Germany in the 1920s, the Bauhaus movement emphasized clarity, simplicity, and functionality in design. The Bauhaus logo, with its clean lines and geometric forms, embodies these principles of modernism.
This logo’s use of basic geometric shapes like circles, squares, and triangles showcases the power of simplicity in design. By stripping away unnecessary details, the Bauhaus logo communicates its message effectively and efficiently. The concept of “less is more” is a fundamental principle of modern graphic design, and the Bauhaus logo played a pivotal role in popularizing this idea.
The Bauhaus logo also represents a shift towards the use of innovative and experimental techniques in design. The combination of typography and geometry in this logo was groundbreaking at the time. This integration of different design elements opened up new possibilities for designers, encouraging them to think outside the box and push the boundaries of traditional graphic design.
Today, the influence of the Bauhaus logo can be seen in various aspects of modern graphic design. Its emphasis on clarity, simplicity, and functionality has become a standard in the industry. Designers continue to draw inspiration from the Bauhaus movement, incorporating its principles into their work to create visually striking and effective designs.
Relevance of the Bauhaus Logo Today
The Bauhaus logo remains relevant today due to its minimal and innovative design that perfectly embodies the principles of the Bauhaus school.
One of the key aspects of the Bauhaus logo is its use of typography. The logo features a simple yet striking combination of geometric shapes and clean lines, which creates a modern and futuristic feel. This use of typography was ahead of its time and has influenced countless designers since.
Furthermore, the Bauhaus logo represents the ethos of the Bauhaus movement itself – a focus on functional and practical design. The logo’s use of minimalism and geometric shapes reflects the movement’s emphasis on simplicity and utility, rather than unnecessary ornamentation.
In today’s design landscape, where minimalism and simplicity are highly valued, the Bauhaus logo continues to inspire and guide designers. Its clean and efficient design principles remain relevant, even in an increasingly complex and digitized world.
Additionally, the Bauhaus logo reminds us of the importance of experimentation and innovation in design. The logo’s use of geometric shapes and bold typography shows how the Bauhaus movement embraced new materials and forms, pushing the boundaries of traditional design.
In conclusion, the Bauhaus logo’s relevance today lies in its minimalism, innovation, and emphasis on typography and geometric design. Its enduring influence on modernism is a testament to the lasting impact of the Bauhaus school and its design principles.
Controversies Surrounding the Bauhaus Logo
The Bauhaus logo, a symbol of modernism and innovation, has been the subject of controversy since its creation in 1919. Designed by Oskar Schlemmer, a German artist and architect, the logo represents the principles of the Bauhaus movement, which sought to combine art, design, and craftsmanship.
One of the main controversies surrounding the Bauhaus logo is its use of typography and geometry. Critics argue that the logo’s use of bold, sans-serif typefaces goes against traditional typography norms. However, proponents of the Bauhaus movement argue that the logo’s simple and minimal design is a reflection of its innovative approach to design.
Another controversy surrounding the Bauhaus logo is its association with German design. Some critics argue that the logo has become a symbol of German design and has been used to promote Germany’s design industry. However, others argue that the Bauhaus logo represents the global influence of the movement and its impact on design worldwide.
Despite the controversies, the Bauhaus logo remains an iconic symbol in the design world. Its influence can be seen in contemporary design trends, particularly in the use of simple and minimalistic designs. The Bauhaus logo continues to inspire designers to push the boundaries of design and embrace new ideas and techniques.
Question and answer:
What is the history of the Bauhaus logo?
The Bauhaus logo was created in 1922 by Oskar Schlemmer, a German artist and former student at the Bauhaus school. It is a simple and iconic design consisting of a circle, triangle, and square. The logo was intended to represent the various artistic disciplines taught at the Bauhaus, including architecture, painting, and sculpture.
What does the Bauhaus logo symbolize?
The triangle in the Bauhaus logo represents architecture, the square represents painting, and the circle represents sculpture. Together, these geometric shapes symbolize the unity of all artistic disciplines and the interdisciplinary approach of the Bauhaus school.
Did the Bauhaus logo change over time?
Yes, the Bauhaus logo did undergo some changes over time. In 1923, the logo was modified by Joost Schmidt, another artist associated with the Bauhaus. Schmidt simplified the design by removing the square and circle, leaving only the triangle. This simplified version of the logo became more widely recognized and has been used in various forms by the Bauhaus and its affiliates ever since.
Is the Bauhaus logo still used today?
Yes, the Bauhaus logo is still used today as a symbol of the Bauhaus movement and its legacy. It is a widely recognizable design and is often featured on publications, exhibitions, and products related to the Bauhaus. The logo has become an iconic representation of modern design and continues to be celebrated and referenced by artists, designers, and architects worldwide.
How has the Bauhaus logo influenced modern logo design?
The Bauhaus logo has had a significant influence on modern logo design. Its use of simple geometric shapes and minimalistic design principles have become widely adopted in contemporary logo design. The Bauhaus logo’s emphasis on functionality and clarity has also influenced the concept of “form follows function” in design, which is still widely followed today. Overall, the Bauhaus logo’s enduring popularity and influence make it a timeless and iconic example of effective logo design.
What is the Bauhaus logo?
The Bauhaus logo is a famous geometric design that represents the Bauhaus art school, which was founded in Germany in 1919.